A deputy wants to introduce a technical control for housing

This is a new measure that targets owners, lessors and occupants. The Renaissance MP for Val-d’Oise, Guillaume Vuilletet, filed a bill (PPL) on May 10, to establish a technical control of housing, similar to the technical control of cars, in reaction to the collapse of buildings in Marseille and in Lille.

️ Filed: my bill to strengthen the control of decency of #housing.

Innovative methods to fight more effectively against unfit housing️

A text, which, I hope, will be unanimous at the time of its examination. https://t.co/s52yRvMhxq

— Guillaume Vuilletet (@g_vuilletet) May 11, 2023

To fight against the 450,000 occupied homes considered unworthy by the Ministry of Ecological Transition, the deputy proposes a preventive measure against donors. As a reminder, “premises or facilities used for residential purposes and unsuitable by their nature for this purpose, as well as dwellings whose condition, or that of the building in which they are located, exposes the occupants to obvious risks, which may jeopardize their physical safety or their health», according to the law of May 31, 1990.

This PPL provides that a lessor whose accommodation does not meet the minimum decency characteristics will no longer be able to rent this property. Today there is already a license to rent since the Alur law of 2014 allowing mayors to force owners to obtain prior authorization before renting accommodation. However, it places the responsibility for the rental authorization on the local authorities. However, with this new measure, it would be up to the lessor to record the technical diagnosis (lead, asbestos, etc.) on a platform of the Ministry of Ecological Transition. The lessor will therefore be responsible for drafting the document.

Owners who would become tenants

Donors are not the only ones to be in the MP’s sights. Homeowners are not left out. Those who do not proceed with the renovation of their accommodation could purely and simply become tenants and no longer owners of their property, the time to carry out the work. A punitive measure this time which would allow the prefect to impose a rehabilitation lease in the event of a situation of danger or unsanitary conditions. “In other words, this provision could authorize the temporary transfer of a property to a social landlord responsible for carrying out renovation work which would be financed by the rents collected“says Guillaume Vuilletet.

The owner “somehow finds himself tenant of his own accommodation on the principle of the Rehabilitation Lease“. Once the renovation of the property has been completed, the social landlord would return the property to the owner. Same principle for a landlord who would no longer receive his rents during the rehabilitation period. Currently, the rehabilitation lease exists but it is an option. It commits the lessee to carry out work within a specified period in order to subsequently rent the building. This lease would become an obligation and no longer a mere possibility.

Another proposal forprovide the necessary funds for the renovation of degraded condominiums“, in the words of the deputy, dissociate land from buildings. The land would be ceded to a public body and the buildings will still belong to the owners. “This provision makes it possible to leave it to the public land establishments to carry out the work necessary for safety and sanitation by means of the funds necessary for the acquisition of the land.“, explains the deputy. To see if this bill will be adopted in the National embly, many binding measures such as the Energy performance diagnostic (DPE) already proving to be complex to apply. And above all, the constraints are piling up on the shoulders of discouraged landlords, at a time when the rental supply is falling while demand continues to climb.

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