a first regulation in Europe, far from resolving all the questions posed by artificial intelligence

DECRYPTION – The agreement reached on the first rules governing these technological systems does not erase major differences in position between the Member States.

The Brussels marathon lasted 37 hours. A record which testifies to the harshness of the negotiations which made it possible to reach a political agreement around the world’s first legislation governing artificial intelligence. “A historic breakthrough!» welcomed European Commissioner Thierry Breton, “the biggest milestone in the history of Europe’s digital transformation», enthused the Spanish presidency of the EU. “A step in a project that opened four years ago which requires additional discussions», put the French Minister for Digital Transition, Jean-Noël Barrot into perspective on Saturday on France Inter.

The breadth of the semantic field of the first reactions this weekend testifies to the divergences of points of view which had to be reconciled, and which are far from having disappeared. The great concern, expressed in particular by France and Germany: that by absolutely wanting to be the first to regulate artificial intelligence systems, the European Union is stifling innovation with rules that are too strict and putting obstacles in the way. wheels of young European companies in the sector. As may have been the case in the past. With the ultimate risk of leading to a final result contrary to the primary objective sought: to better protect citizens and guarantee the confidence necessary for the adoption of these AI systems in the European Union.

Regulation of generative AI

Many points still remain to be clarified on the agreement reached during the night from Friday to Saturday. The text will be digested line by line in the coming days by all stakeholders. It will also, before being finalized, be completed by technical work. Because the devil is in the details, and there are many of them. As is…

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