a strong spirit in the cage of wild animals, on Museum TV


A painter revered by art lovers, inspired by his stay with Matisse in Collioure, he was the one who founded Fauvism in the light of the south in 1905. This documentary by Jacques Vichet paints an in-depth portrait of it. Andre Derainin the series The greatest painters in the worlda film not to be missed, this Thursday, September 21 at 8 p.m. on Museum TV.

In the land of wild beasts, we ask Andre Derain (1880-1954). Fauvism, which, in 1905, liberated color and instinct in art, has its great modern masters, Matisse, Braque and Derain. Born in Chatou into a wealthy family, Derain has everything he needs to be inspired, a mixture of delicacy and wildness. He started painting at age 15. Destined to be an engineer, at the age of 18 he attended the Camillo Academy directed by Eugène Carrière. He met Maurice de Vlaminck on a commuter train in 1900, he shared a workshop on the island of Chatou with his new friend.

Celebrated as a fearless innovator

A year later, while, according to the custom of the academies, he piously made copies of paintings by masters at the Louvre, he met Matisse. His world as a painter will be completely apart, as the exhibition “Derain, Balthus and Giacometti” clearly demonstrated at the Museum of Modern Art in Paris in the fall of 2017. He was celebrated as an intrepid innovator, rejected by Liberation as a collaborator. He leaves paintings bursting with color and life, or dark and mysteriously lonely, clic, without really being so. He is an untouched mystery.
With Andre Derain, the documentary by Jacques Vichet, we start by looking at the painting, while listening to the piano. Professorial voice of the narrator, insistence of the gaze on the paintings, it is about understanding the secret of the “greatest painters in the world”, the educational series from Museum TV. Françoise Chatillon-Pierront of the Musée de l’Orangerie expertly deciphers the strange portrait of Derain’s niece: the dark background of a landscape, the ocher colors of the character, the halo of the hat hanging around her neck and which plays the role of the sun. So much mastery behind apparent simplicity to create a portrait that is both distant and intimate, modern and timeless.

Liberation through color

Young, Derain visited museums, admired Van Gogh and Cézanne, and nourished his thoughts with extensive reading, from Zola to Nietzsche. The first landscapes created in Collioure in the company of Matisse mark the birth of Fauvism, the first aesthetic revolution of the 20th century “with its bright colors, simplified drawing and clear composition”. Blue shirt and red beard, his Portrait of Matisse, 1905, is a direct witness to this. Yellow blouse with touches of the collar, gypsy mustache and red beret, black eye and green cheek, his portrait by Matisse, the same year, is incredibly free. “Derain synthesizes the divisionist touch of Seurat and that of Gauguin, then Van Gogh, to create what has been called Fauvism.explains the curator of the Museum of Modern Art in Troyes.

Resonances with German Expressionism

It is as director of the Musée de l’Orangerie that Laurence des Cars, today president of the Louvre, appears in this 2016 documentary. She has this well-bred pion and this beautiful theatrical voice to talk about Fauvism, liberation through color, its resonances with German Expressionism and the duo formed by Derain and Vlaminck (Restaurant de la Machine in Bougival, 1905) . We listen to him straight away, as we would follow a general explaining a battle plan. In the winter of 1905-1906, the gallery owner Ambroise Vollard sent him to London with the hope that he would do a Fauve series, after the impressionist one by Monet in 1900. But when he arrived, the weather was very beautiful. No fog. The London sun inspires him with two techniques, one pointillist, brushed at high speed, the other in flat areas of color. They are treasures of modern art



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