AI and ChatGPT are shaking up the data center industry


OpenAI’s servers would swallow half a liter of water every 5 to 50 requests made to the conversational agent (photo illustration). DisobeyArt – stock.adobe.com

DECRYPTION – Manufacturers in the sector must take action to respond to the water and energy consumption of these technologies.

The paradox is enough to make you smile. For many, the conversational robot ChatGPT, put online a year ago by OpenAI, is considered the catalyst for a new technological revolution. However, few know that it is 3,000 km from Silicon Valley, in West Des Moines, Iowa, that the IT infrastructure is based without which ChatGPT would never have seen the light of day. It is in the heart of this American agricultural state that Microsoft installed the supercomputer on which the tool runs.

A choice that owes nothing to chance: to cool its servers, the Redmond giant pumps happily from the neighboring rivers, Raccoon and Des Moines. A real necessity. According to a researcher interviewed in September by the American press agency AP, OpenAI’s servers swallow half a liter of water every 5 to 50 requests made to the conversational agent.

A revealing anecdote

Each month, the five Microsoft data centers located in Des Moines consume 4.5 million liters…

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