Blue economy emerges as an opportunity for the State

The so-called blue economy, which provides for the sustainable development of activities such as fishing, waterway logistics, generation of renewable energies at sea, among others, opens up as a promising window for Rio Grande do Sul. The director-president of APL Marítimo RS, Arthur Rocha Baptista, points out that the municipality of Rio Grande has a natural vocation to carry out actions in this area, however other cities in the state also have qualities in this sector. APL Marítimo RS is an organization that emerged about ten years ago, with the growth of the Rio Grande do Sul naval hub, and now seeks to encourage initiatives within the segments that work with the economy of the sea.

Empresas & Negócios (E&N) – What is the idea of ​​the blue economy?

Arthur Rocha Baptista – The concept of the blue economy emerged in 1994, but gained momentum even with the declaration of the decade of the oceans by the United Nations (UN) in 2017, which was deliberated in the general embly and which began to be valid in 2021. Therefore, from 2021 By 2030, we are living in the decade of the oceans. The concept of blue economy basically encompes the sectors that make up the economy of the sea, that is, those productive segments that live off water, both traditional ones such as fishing, waterway transport, oil and gas extraction, as well as segments over vanguard, such as marine biotechnology, generation of renewable energy at sea, both wave and wind, underwater mining and others.

E&N – Does the proposal go beyond the economy of the sea?

Baptist – AND. Not every sector that makes up the economy of the sea is necessarily blue. For example, oil extraction itself, which is not considered a vanguard renewable energy segment, is seeking to include sustainability and innovation so that it can also be characterized as a blue productive activity, but it is not necessarily so. The same happens with fishing, which is extractive by nature, but not all fishing activities can be included in the blue economy concept.

E&N – Is there an estimate of the values ​​that the blue economy moves in Brazil?

Baptist – The economy of the sea (according to 2019 data) earns around R$ 2 trillion for Brazil per year, something around a fifth of the country’s GDP comes from activities at sea. This obviously includes oil extraction, a big chunk of it all, but all the other practices as well, the fishing industry, shipping activity and everything else.

E&N – And, in Rio Grande do Sul, what is the impact of this activity?

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