Budget 2024: better paid but fewer teachers

Published on Sep 27, 2023 at 2:08 p.m.Updated September 27, 2023 at 2:22 p.m.

The objective of upgrading teachers is “met” and “exceeded”, the increase is “historic”: Gabriel Attal himself made the presentation to the press, this Wednesday, of the National Education budget to address it congratulate.

“During the presidential campaign, we made a clear and ambitious commitment: upgrade teachers by 10% . This commitment is not only kept but it is exceeded,” insisted the new Minister of National Education.

An increase of 11%

The subject has become a reason for recurring criticism of unions , who believe that the account is not there on Emmanuel Macron’s promise to upgrade all teachers by 10%. The increase will go beyond that, it will be 11%, ured Gabriel Attal. The average remuneration of teachers will increase by “258 euros net per month, without conditions, between April 2022 and January 2024”, according to him.

To arrive at these 258 euros, the ministry adds the increase in the value of the index point of July 2022 (80 euros), that of July 2023 (36 euros), the base revaluation (122 euros) and the five increased index points from January 2024 (20 euros).

“A teacher started at 1,700 euros net in 2020, he or she will now start at 2,102 euros net and even 2,466 euros net if he or she teaches in reinforced priority education,” insists Gabriel Attal.

“To achieve the promised 10%, the former Minister of Education, Pap Ndiaye, took into account measures taken by his predecessor, Jean-Michel Blanquer. Gabriel Attal, for his part, adds measures which fall under the civil service and others, under National Education, reacts Sophie Vénétitay, head of SNES-FSU, the main secondary school teachers’ union. When Emmanuel Macron promised a 10% increase to teachers, he distinguished on one side the index point and, on the other, the measures specific to National Education. »

The unions speak of inflation and increases “far from what teachers have lost in recent years”. The question arises in particular regarding career environments. “The road is not finished,” said Gabriel Attal. We will continue to work on this progression and these mid-career developments […], through consultation on the attractiveness of the profession, the conclusions of which I will present by the end of the year. »

“A considerable investment”

The ministry’s overall budget is 63.6 billion euros, compared to 59.7 billion (excluding contributions to state pensions) last year. It is up by 3.9 billion (+6.5%, like last year). It’s “a considerable investment”, welcomed Thomas Cazenave, Gabriel Attal’s successor at Bercy.

The budget increased by 29% between 2017 and 2024, welcomed Gabriel Attal (+15 billion since 2017, including 7.6 billion between 2022 and 2024).

The envelope devoted to salary increases will, in 2024, be 1.3 billion euros for the unconditional revaluation known as “base”, and 1 billion euros for the increase in remuneration linked to the pact this set of additional missions offered to volunteer teachers.

2,500 job cuts

Gabriel Attal was more discreet about the job cuts. The minister prefers to highlight the reduction in the number of students per cl.

In this period of demographic decline – National Education must lose 500,000 students between 2022 and 2027 – the strict application of accounting logic “should have led us to reduce the number of teaching positions by 5,000”, says he – “because we want fewer students per cl, we have decided to keep 2,500 more positions”.

But there will, despite everything, be 2,500 job cuts. Last year, National Education applied the same reasoning: instead of reducing the number of teaching positions by 5,000, it limited the cuts to 2,000 positions (1,000 in public primary education, 500 in secondary education. public and 500 in private education). For next year, the ministry has not detailed the distribution by level, except for private education where there will be 500 job cuts, like last year.

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