Covid, infections and hospitalizations are decreasing but the RT is getting closer to one
All the Covid contagion indicators reported by the weekly monitoring by the ISS are still decreasing, being examined this morning by the control room. Even if the RT rises for the third consecutive week, the contagion index goes from 0.94 to 0.97, thus approaching the epidemic level of one. But for now there are no effects on infections, given that the incidence of weekly cases per 100,000 inhabitants still drops slightly from 45 to 41, while hospitalizations still drop a little, with the occupancy rate of beds in intensive care which drops from 1.4% to 1% and that of the medical departments which drops from 5.2% to 4.7%.
There are two regions classified as at high risk of resuming infections: South Tyrol and Puglia. None were last week. Instead, three are at moderate risk, sixteen are classified at low risk.
On the other hand, the cases of Covid-19 in the WHO European Region are rising again, by 12% in a month, where over 1.5 million have been reported, driven in particular by some countries such as Germany, where there have been 379,505 registered (+23%), from the Russian Federation with 345,384 new cases (+103%) and from Poland with 49,263 (+316%). This is highlighted by the latest epidemiological report of the World Health Organization (WHO) which shows, however, globally, a drop of 58% of cases and 65% of deaths.
From 6 February to 5 March 2023, almost 4.5 million cases and 32,000 deaths were recorded, bringing the total since the beginning of the pandemic to 759 million infections and over 6.8 million victims. Current trends, however, warn the WHO, “are underestimations of the real number of global infections and reinfections. This is partly due to reduced testing and reporting delays.
Regionally, the number of new cases in the past 28 days decreased in the remaining 5 of 6 WHO regions: Western Pacific (-80%), African (-61%), Americas (-31%), South-East Asian (-15%) and Eastern Mediterranean (-9%). Deaths decreased in the Western Pacific (-86%), Africa (-73%), Southeast Asia (-51%), European Region (-39%) and the Americas (-32%), while they increased in the Mediterranean Eastern (+18%).
Nationally, the highest number of new cases in the past 4 weeks was reported by the United States (1,027,596 new cases; -23%), followed by Japan (539,251, -78%), China (454,575, -87%). %). The highest numbers of new deaths, again in absolute values, were reported by the United States (10,856, -29%), Japan (3,432, -65%), China (2,634, -94%).
In Europe, there were 9,066 deaths (-39% compared to 4 weeks earlier, as indicated above), of which 2,103 were reported by the United Kingdom, 1,019 by the Russian Federation and 963 by Italy.
If Covid-19 has left some “trawl”, be careful of your heart: those who suffer or have suffered from Long Covid have a more than double probability of experiencing cardiovascular problems in the months following the infection compared to those who have never had Covid-19. 19. This is demonstrated by a large meta-analysis of the studies conducted on the subject, presented on March 6 during the annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology in New Orleans. For this reason, the specialists of the Italian Society of Cardiology (SIC) invite patients with Long Covid to carry out regular checks in the presence of new respiratory or cardiac symptoms. “Covid-19 is not just a respiratory disease, those who have suspicious symptoms after having had the infection must investigate further to avoid serious cardiovascular consequences”, recommends Pasquale Perrone Filardi, president of SIC. The data of the new study, collected from 11 studies on over 5.8 million people around the world, clearly indicate that Long Covid endangers the heart, increasing the cardiovascular risk and that of developing symptoms such as breathlessness, palpitations or chest pain compared to those who have never had the infection.
previous studies have already shown that SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with a greater risk for the heart and vessels: acute heart damage is one of the most frequent complications of Covid-19, affecting 20 to 45% of patients . The new study, on the other hand, shows that patients with Long Covid are also at high risk, i.e. those who for 6 months after the acute infection report symptoms such as chronic fatigue, muscle and joint pain, difficulty concentrating. «Estimates indicate that Long Covid can affect up to one in 7 infected people and the data of this meta-analysis clearly show that in these subjects it is very important to pay attention to any signs of cardiovascular disorders – explains Pasquale Perrone Filardi -. The meta-analysis, which has the strength of large numbers, indicates that Long Covid increases the probability of developing symptoms related to cardiovascular diseases such as chest pain, tiredness, breathlessness, palpitations from 2.3 to 2.5 times compared to those who have not been infected. People with Long Covid are also more likely to have abnormalities in diagnostic tests, such as blood tests, electrocardiograms, or imaging tests such as cardiac ultrasound or echocardiography with abnormalities indicative of increased cardiovascular risk or the presence of disturbances”.