After a first step, Monday, which took him to the National Maritime Museum which has just reopened its doors in Paris after six years of renovation, Emmanuel Macron is expected late this Tuesday morning at the conference of the economy of the sea in Nantes. “The sea, for us, should be obvious,” he declared during his visit to the National Maritime Museum, referring to a place of “transit”, “power” and “conflict”, at the heart “climate and biodiversity issues”. It must be said, even if it is sometimes forgotten, that France has the second largest maritime space in the world behind the United States.
These conferences on the economy of the sea, organized by the daily newspapers Ouest-France and Le Marin, bring together all professional sectors: fishermen, shipbuilders, shipowners, local elected officials and ociations near the first French wind farm in sea off Saint-Nazaire (Loire-Atlantique).
Identify 50 offshore wind farms by 2050
The head of state is expected on several major issues. Starting with that of offshore wind power. It should officially launch the public debate open since November 20 and until April 26 intended to identify the sites in the Mediterranean as well as in the Atlantic, Channel and North Sea on which around fifty similar parks will be installed by 2050 at the first wind farm inaugurated off the coast of Saint-Nazaire in 2022.
At the end of the public debate, the government plans to launch a call for tenders for the installation of offshore wind farms “which could reach a total of up to 10 gigawatts”, the Minister of Transition indicated in September. energy Agnès Pannier-Runacher. France currently has 8 GW of offshore parks installed or in the pipeline. The objective is to reach 40 to 45 GW in 2050, which will make offshore wind the second source of electricity production after nuclear power.
A helping hand for fishermen
The President of the Republic should also address professionals and in particular to fishermen. He could make announcements on the price of fuel. Currently, fishermen benefit from aid of 20 cents per liter of fuel until December 31. But what about afterwards? The Head of State should also address the theme of food sovereignty at a time when 80% of seafood products consumed in France are now imported according to the government. The French prefer salmon and shrimp from Madagascar to hake or saithe.
While Emmanuel Macron must speak on the protection of the sea during COP28 on Friday and Saturday in Dubai, in view of the United Nations Ocean Conference planned for 2025 in Nice, the environment should also have a broad place in his speech. Targeted, decarbonization of the maritime sector. It could reveal what support will be provided for decarbonization, particularly for companies launching in wind-powered merchant ships.