Five takeaways from Olympic and Paralympic law

Presented on December 22 in the Council of Ministers, the bill relating to the Olympic and Paralympic Games is debated this Tuesday in the Senate before the vote on January 31. We have selected five themes from the 19 articles, only 8 of which are specific to the Games.

A polyclinic in the athletes’ village

Article 1 provides for the installation of a health center ” tailored in the Olympic and Paralympic village of Saint-Denis, managed by the Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris. Thirty-five doctors, including 5 emergency physicians, 28 physiotherapists and 14 nurses, AP-HP practitioners but above all Games volunteers, should work in this polyclinic. Its emergency service will be available 24 hours a day. Article 2 aims to allow foreign doctors and health professionals, accompanying International Federations and delegations, to provide care through derogations. This care will be free, specifies the text which also provides for the mobilization of several Ile-de-France hospitals for “ take over if necessary “. Finally, the text provides for increasing the number of players who can ” train as many people as possible in first aid “.

Genetic tests against doping

In its article 4, the text opens the door to genetic testing in four specific cases. ” The objective is to make our mechanisms for combating French doping compatible with the World Anti-Doping Code by setting up genetic tests », Explains Agnès Canayer, senator (LR) for Seine-Maritime and rapporteur for the Law Commission, specifying that she has « much rewrote article 4 “. When contacted, the French Anti-Doping Agency (AFLD) underlined that ” without this legal authorization, the French laboratory will not be able to carry out all the analyzes requested by the ITA (international control agency) during the Games “.

These tests will then have to be carried out in foreign laboratories. ” The text was accompanied by strong guarantees. Any filing or profiling based on genetic data will be expressly prohibited by law. The data will not be kept, unlike the samples which are stored for 10 years for possible re-analysis”, endorses the AFLD. The law commission wants the temporary authorizations for the Games, and the 2023 Rugby World Cup, to serve as an experiment before considering ” the sustainability of these tests “. These genetic analyzes are currently few in number, 25 in Tokyo and 31 in Beijing, while the French laboratory plans 6,000 checks during the Games.

Video surveillance and body scanners

Article 7, one of the pillars of the project and also the most controversial, allows to on an experimental basis, the use of algorithmic processing on the images captured by video protection devices and drones in order to detect and signal predetermined events likely to threaten the safety of people “Writes the Senate Law Commission which examined it. The objective is to detect suspicious crowd movements in and around stadiums, but also in transport and on public roads. The commission has strengthened its framework to provide more guarantees, in particular the help of the CNIL (national commission for data processing and freedoms). ” We made sure that she had full and complete control over the entire duration of the evaluation. “, explains the Senator Agnes Canayer. In its article 11, the text provides for the possibility of using body scanners, until now confined to airports, to control the entry into the enclosures of more than 300 people and with their consent.

Protected sites and tamper-proof tickets

Article 12 of the draft aims to make it an offence, accompanied by penal sanctions, the fact of ” enter or attempt to enter by force and by fraud in a sports arena » or « remain without legitimate reason on the competition area of ​​a sports arena during the running or public broadcasting of a sports event “. To take account of new phenomena, such as the intrusion of a environmental activist during one of the French Open semi-finals last yearthe Senate Culture Committee strengthened the deterrent nature of penalties. In the process, the senators also introduced an article to make the use of tamper-proof tickets mandatory on July 1, 2024. We took into account what had happened at the Stade de France “, explains Claude Kern, senator (Centrist Union) of Bas-Rhin and rapporteur for the Culture Committee, specifying that he is working on the file with Paris 2024 and the Ministry of Sports and the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

Shops open on Sunday on site

Article 17 provides, via a derogation from Sunday rest, the opening of food, clothing, electronics shops but also hairdressers in the municipalities where the competition sites are located or nearby. This derogation from Sunday rest, by prefectural authorization, will apply from June 1 to September 30, 2024 in order to satisfy tourists who arrive before the opening of the Games and those who extend their stay after the Paralympics. The text specifies that this opening will be done on the basis of employee volunteering and for consideration. The Senate Social Affairs Committee considered this derogation “ justified by the exceptional needs that will result from the holding of the Olympic and Paralympic Games “. And simplified the authorization procedure for the prefects.

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