QIrrespective of the mix chosen and the level of sobriety expected, the growth of renewable energies is the common point of all the energy scenarios. However, almost everywhere, controversies oppose the mobilization of resources. Certain blockages, such as “not in my garden”, must be overcome in the name of the general interest. Others can be explained by a form of negligence on the part of public authorities: lack of knowledge, doctrine, hierarchy of standards and regulatory tools. Our conviction is that only a reconciled science and democracy will allow us to share a common metric of the expected transitions.
As such, we are collectively awaiting new insight into biodiversity issues. The same ecological dilemma arises in fact from hydroelectricity to photovoltaics, via onshore and maritime wind power: protect local biodiversity in its current state, or give it up in part in order to protect global biodiversity by combating the effects climate change?
This arbitration between “small” and “large” biodiversity, avoidance and compensation, is one of the blind spots of public policies. We must not only think in terms of life cycle, but also invent measuring instruments allowing an alignment of our objectives from the territory to the planet. Beyond this balance, we must be vigilant that the deployment of renewable energies does not jeopardize our food security, while we will be challenged to feed 10 billion human beings at the end of the century.
France, to catch up, must make renewable energies the great industrial and regional development adventure of the decade. We therefore share the idea that we must speed up… but in the right direction! The lesson of the drifts observed in methanation or onshore wind power must be learned in order to correct them and not reproduce them for solar power and all renewable energies.
The effort of rationalization and justice
How have we been able to internalize the neoliberal ideology to such an extent to accept that the current landscape is dominated by disorder and inequity? A capture of value and public aid for the benefit of a handful of financial companies and owners with a public power that too often gives the feeling of pulling “hue and dia” or even commanding the clouds…
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