MPs reject Republican constitutional reform in committee


By Le Figaro with AFP

Published ,
Update

French MP and president of the right-wing party “Les Républicains” Éric Ciotti (L) attends a session of questions to the government at the National embly in Paris on November 28, 2023. LUDOVIC MARIN / AFP

The text plans, among other things, to enshrine in the Constitution a criterion of “imilation” to become French, the end of land rights in Mayotte, immigration quotas determined by Parliament, and to break down barriers to expel “any foreign national, threatening “public security”.

The deputies rejected on Wednesday November 29 in committee the constitutional reform of Republicanspresented as a response to the “mive immigration“, but defeated by the majority of other groups as a “obsession» anti-foreigners and anti-European.

All articles having been rejected“, the Law Committee did not vote on the entire text, which will be examined on December 7 in the hemicycle, noted Vice-President Caroline Abadie at the end of the debates.

The rapporteur of the text, Eric Ciottiregretted that “the majority have systematically joined forces with the Insoumis to refuse to tackle this major problem of immigration head-on“. LR officials had made the implementation of this reform a prerequisite for any agreement with the majority on its immigration bill, currently being examined in the law committee. “France will only be able to take its destiny back into its own hands thanks to a constitutional revision», pleaded Eric Ciotti.

Highly criticized proposals

The LR text first plans to extend the scope of the referendum to any bill or organic bill, explicitly targeting immigration issues. Above all, it intends to allow organic laws adopted by the two emblies or by referendum to derogate from treaties, international agreements or European law when “respect for the constitutional identity of France or the safeguarding of (its) fundamental interests»is at stake. In a rare intervention, the president of the Laws Commission Sacha Houlié (Renaissance) called for this provision to be deleted “out of respect for what all first year law students learn” and for “constitutional order“.

The text also provides for enshrining in the Constitution a criterion of “imilation» to become French, the end of land rights in Mayotte, immigration quotas determined by Parliament, and to break down barriers to expel “any national“stranger, threatening”public safety» or condemned «to a prison sentence“.

The presidential camp, the left and the independent Liot group jointly criticized these proposals. Erwan Balanant (MoDem) said his “sadness» to see Les Républicains, «abandon humanist and republican values“. The president of the Horizons group Laurent Marcangeli estimated that it was “notnot the time» to launch such a reform. Jean-François Coulomme (LFI) denounced a “identity obsession“. “We will refuse to make the Constitution a tract of the radicalized right and the extreme right», once again castigated the ecologist Benjamin Lucas.

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