A sad observation that Unesco draws up. The murders of journalists increased by 50% in 2022, 86 of them having been killed in the world last year, or approximately “one every four days”, denounced Monday the UN agency. In passing, she deplored a “reversal of the positive trend” of recent years, when these assassinations had fallen to 58 on average between 2019 and 2021, against 99 in 2018.
“The sharp increase in the number of journalists killed in 2022 is alarming, regretted the director general of Unesco, Audrey Azoulay. The authorities must redouble their efforts to put an end to these crimes and ensure that their perpetrators are convicted. »
Mexico, Ukraine and Haiti, the bloodiest countries
Of the 86 journalists who died last year – against 55 in 2021 – 19 were killed in Mexico, 10 in Ukraine and 9 in Haiti, the three bloodiest countries for the profession, points to Unesco.
About half of them “were not killed while carrying out their duties: they were traveling, at home, in parking lots or other public places when they were targeted”, emphasizes the UN press release.
“There is no safe place for journalists”
But “it is indeed the consequence of their work as journalists, the fact that they have investigated sensitive subjects”, insisted a UNESCO executive. And the institution stresses that, in these countries, “there is no safe place for journalists. »
Last December, Reporters Without Borders had already warned of an increase in the number of reporters killed, especially with the war in Ukraine. Globally, while coverage of armed conflict accounts for many deaths, over the past 20 years, “more journalists have been killed in peace zones than in war zones as a result of their investigations into the crime organized and corruption”, underlined the NGO.