The beneficiaries of the RSA do not consider themselves sufficiently supported, points out a study

More than a quarter of recipients do not work and are not looking for work, reports the Drees study. Richard Villalon /

The social benefit fails to fulfill its objective of promoting the social and professional integration of its beneficiaries.

Health problems, difficulty in looking after children, cost of transport to go to work: two-thirds RSA beneficiaries report obstacles in their job search, and the majority regret do not benefit from support to overcome them, according to a study published on Tuesday. Some 23% of recipients of this social minimum say that the lack of means of transport is the main obstacle to their job search, and 8% mention the cost of transport. About 20% mention health problems, and 7% difficulties in looking after their children, according to this study by Drees, the statistical service of social ministries.

These barriers can lead recipients to give up looking for a job, the authors note. Thus, more than a quarter of recipients do not work and are not looking for work: 11% are in a “halo around unemployment– they say they want to work despite everything – and 15% don’t have a job, aren’t looking for one and say they don’t want to work. Faced with these difficulties, recipients can benefit from support of the “professional” Where “social“. The first, most often via Pôle Emploi, aims to find a job (assisted or not), an internship, training or to create a business.

The second, via a social action centre, the CAF or the departmental council, aims to “deal with problems of access to care, housing, transport, childcare or over-indebtedness, to help with administrative procedures, to re-establish social ties or to learn to read or write“, detail the authors of the study. “Those who say they are supported are very satisfied with the help they have received“, but “few RSA beneficiaries consider themselves helped“, notes the DREES: 61% had “at least one need for professional or social assistancewhich was not satisfied, leading to “question the reality of the support offered and its adequacy to the needs of the beneficiaries“.

Grain to grind

In another study also published on Tuesday, the DREES is interested in the return to employment of RSA beneficiaries. This one, “without being in the majority, is not uncommon»: thus, among those who had no activity in 2018, 19% had one the following year. However, the new job of the people concerned is often precarious and/or part-time. Consequence: among those who received the RSA in 2018 and found a job in 2019, 60% were still receiving a social minimum at the end of 2019. “Having found a job does not therefore guarantee getting out of social minima or, in any case, not (…) in a sustainable way», point out the authors.

The difficulties pointed out by the beneficiaries of the RSA give food for thought to Emmanuel Macron, who wants to reform this social benefit. During the campaign, the president-candidate declared that he wanted to condition the allocation of the RSA to participation in “an activity leading to professional integration», at a rate of 15 to 20 hours per week.

The Minister of Labor at the time, a certain Elisabeth Borne, had then specified the measure. She had mentioned in an interview with L’Obs “a program made up of different activities such as training or immersion in companies that allow you to reconnect with the professional world, to specify your project and to carry it out“, with the specific aim of strengthening the integration component of the RSA. Rumors predict that the government, in the person of the Minister of Public Accounts Gabriel Attal, will take up the subject very soon.

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