the executive poses the threat of dissolution to ensure the passage of its reform in Parliament

The President of the Republic Emmanuel Macron, in Saint-Nazaire (Loire-Atlantique), September 22, 2022.

Four months after the legislative elections, the patience of the executive knows its first limits. Without an absolute majority, the President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron, would be ready to dissolve the National Assembly in the event of the adoption of a motion of censure against the government. An approach envisaged by part of the opposition in the event of recourse by the government to article 49.3 of the Constitution – which allows the adoption of a text without a vote except a motion of censure – to pass the bill on pensions that he intends to present ” before winter “, announced Thursday, September 29 the Prime Minister, Elisabeth Borne, the day after a dinner at the Elysée bringing together the leaders of the majority.

“If all the oppositions came together to adopt a motion of censure and bring down the government, [Emmanuel Macron] would defer to the French and the French would decide, and say what is the new majority they want”, warned, lapidary, the Minister of Labor, Olivier Dussopt Thursday, September 29, on LCI. It is the first time that a member of the government, a fortiori on behalf of the Head of State, has expressed himself in these terms since the electoral big bang of June 19, which led the President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron to obtain only 250 deputies in the National Assembly.

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“Chick! », tweeted, Thursday, in the process, Marine Le Pen, the president of the 89 deputies of the National Rally (RN) in the Assembly. La France insoumise (LFI) also took the executive at its word. “When you want: la Nupes [Nouvelle Union populaire écologique et sociale] is ready to defeat you! », reacted the leader of the deputies of the left party, Mathilde Panot. The “rebellious” leader Jean-Luc Mélenchon said he saw in these declarations not “a threat but an opportunity”he who theorizes since the day after the legislative elections with his troops the scenario of an imminent dissolution which would lead him to Matignon. “I don’t know what he’s playingfor his part, slammed the leader of the deputies Les Républicains (LR), Olivier Marleix, about Emmanuel Macron. Its role is to make the institutions of this country work. »

In the majority, few believe in this possibility in the immediate future, as the consequences of a campaign without momentum or enthusiasm still remain significant within the troops of the presidential coalition. “It is in no one’s interest to dissolve the Assembly now”, slips the deputy of the MoDem, Bruno Fuchs. Before even arriving at the dissolution, 58 signatures of deputies are necessary to table a motion of censure. For it to be then adopted, 289 deputies, ie an absolute majority, must adopt it. “All the elected representatives of the Nupes, those of the RN, and all the Republicans should vote together, specifies the constitutionalist Jean-Philippe Derosier, and for that, their parties must have convergent interests to return to elections. That’s not the case today. »

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