Posted Nov 25, 2022, 7:30 AM
France has never devoted so much money to the training of the unemployed: more than twice as much as the average of the countries of the European Union. This is one of the highlights of the third evaluation report, published Thursday, of the skills investment plan (PIC), the 15 billion euro scheme launched at the start of Emmanuel Macron’s first five-year term to five years.
Specifically, more than 1 million training courses were initiated in 2021, all public funders combined, i.e. 231,000 more than in 2018, the first year of application of the plan. This is without counting the 610,000 training courses financed via the personal training account (CPF) of job seekers independently, that is to say without the participation of Pôle emploi. To the point of “creating a blur” with the PIC, pointed, like last year the chairman of the committee, Marc Gurgand, who is also a professor at the Paris School of Economics.
Whether through regional pacts or its various national programs, aid for young dropouts or refugees, the PIC has achieved one of its main objectives: to increase the rate of access to training for the unemployed, despite the low of the Covid in 2020. Even if the training of the unemployed remains very complex the report emphasizes that the two main funders, the Regions and Pôle emploi, cooperate better.
The main question remains: how effective? At this stage, the committee considers that the PIC has indeed benefited the unemployed or young people without qualifications, an initial priority target even if it was subsequently extended. But no more than the other categories. “The significant resources deployed by the PIC have not been particularly beneficial to the most vulnerable audiences,” he sums up.
What’s more, the plan has not increased the chances of finding a job while the training is supposed to better match the needs of companies. The committee estimates that the professional integration rate of an unemployed person twelve months after the start of his training is approximately 7 percentage points higher than that of an unemployed person with equivalent characteristics who has not benefited from training, a difference observed in almost all countries for years already .
In summary, the PIC had a volume effect, but not an employment effect. The observation must be nuanced with regard to the particular brakes from which the targeted job seekers suffer. Many of them, for example, live in rural areas, far from any training offer. Providers, on the other hand, may favor more qualified people for reasons of attendance. It should also be noted that returning to work after training in a shortage occupation does not always take place in this occupation.
Regions vs employment center
In its summary, the report also underlines an important point in light of the leadership battle being played out between the regions and Pôle Emploi to France Travail, the future organization of actors responsible for helping the unemployed . “In all of the regions that have signed a Pact, the share of poorly qualified people in training entries (financed by the region or Pôle emploi) has decreased or stagnated”, it is written. In the two regions Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and Paca, where the implementation of the PIC has been delegated to Pôle emploi, it has clearly progressed (by almost 5 percentage points) on the other hand.
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