Negotiations between the social partners on new unemployment insurance rules get tough this Friday. The participants contest the funding planned by the government of France Workwhich will replace Pôle emploi on January 1st.
After a first meeting on the calendar, on September 12, the negotiators meet in Paris, at the headquarters of Unédic, which manages unemployment insurance. The aim is to try to find an agreement by November 10. France Travail will need additional resources to support nearly 2 million RSA beneficiaries for whom it will be responsible, in addition to the unemployed.
To the great dismay of the social partners, the executive wants to contribute 12% to 13% of its revenue to unemployment insurance (Unédic) by 2026, compared to 11% today, according to the letter from framework sent by the government to trade unions and employers’ organizations on August 1. Medef contests “fundamentally the elements of the framework document which proposes co-financing from Unédic to France Travail”, recalled Hubert Mongon, the leader of the negotiators of the main employers’ organization, at the beginning of September. According to him, “we cannot accept that the State continues to blur the responsibilities and methods of financing the various employment policy measures”.
“The union organizations say together that the framework letter regarding unemployment insurance is unacceptable, that they refuse to comply with it and that they want to be able to negotiate in complete autonomy,” declared the general secretary of the CGT on Thursday. , Sophie Binet. “All the trade union organizations agree that we are going to push the frame », also ured the number one of FO, Frédéric Souillot, for whom, “once again, the state dealers want to get their hands back on the money” from the social partners.
The 2018 law requires social partners to negotiate within the framework defined by the government, recalls Renaissance MP Marc Ferracci. “The social partners may not want to respect the framework document provided for by law. But in this case, the government will be justified in not endorsing the agreement that has been signed. »
Hubert Mongon expresses doubts about the amount of unemployment insurance surpluses planned by the government for the years to come, and which would allow Unédic to make greater contributions. “We observe substantial gaps between the work carried out by Unédic this summer and the macroeconomic elements proposed to us by the government” on growth or the evolution of unemployment in the years to come, explains the employers’ negotiator. Experts from Unédic must present new projections to negotiators, according to him.
Reduced compensation period since February 1
In addition to the short time allocated, the framework set by the government sets in stone the reforms already undertaken in recent years. Social partners are therefore prohibited from questioning the method of calculating compensation, which has been less favorable since 2019 for job seekers alternating between unemployment and short contracts. There is also no question of returning to the modulation of compensation rules according to the economic situation: since February 1, 2023, the duration of compensation has been reduced by 25% and will only be extended in the event of significant deterioration. economic.
This measure, like the new method of calculating compensation, is defended by employers. The latter, on the other hand, is opposed to the “bonus-malus”, this upward or downward modulation of the unemployment insurance contribution rate of companies in certain sectors (transport for example) which abuse precarious contracts.