what does article 3 contain which crystallizes the tensions between the executive and the right?


By John Timsit

Published ,
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Prime Minister Élisabeth Borne and the leader of the senators LR Bruno Retailleau. AFP / BERTRAND GUAY / AFP / GEOFFROY VAN DER HELT

While the executive text must arrive in the Senate in November, negotiations between Élisabeth Borne and the Republicans are still in full swing. If no agreement has been reached between the two parties, the government is evasive on the outcome of the residence permit for professions in tension.

The deadline is dangerously approaching. And yet, nothing happens: without an agreement between the executive and the right, the immigration lawpostponed many times and supported by the Minister of the Interior, Gérald Darmanin, could, in order to be adopted, be the subject of a 49.3. If the government, which does not have an absolute majority in the National embly, hopes to keep this constitutional tool in its pocket, which it can only use once per parliamentary session outside of the budgetary text, it nevertheless intends to continue its more or less bitter negotiations with the Republicans. Major sticking point: article 3 of the bill, presented to the Senate from November 6, and which has been in the news for several weeks. What does it contain? Why is it so debated? Will it be deleted? Le Figaro paints a panorama.

Faithful to its philosophy of “at the same time», the government is both firm and accommodating. Wanting to fight against illegal immigration and accelerate the expulsions of foreign delinquents, who “do not respect the values ​​of the Republic and commit offenses on national territory”, the executive also wants to strengthen the integration of immigrants who work in certain sectors lacking personnel. Concretely, the Minister of the Interior wants to create a one-year residence permit for “professions in tension“. A system which would target foreigners working clandestinely, for example in construction or catering, where job offers are pouring in. If it were voted on, this mechanism would only be put in place “as an experiment» until the end of 2026.

Read alsoImmigration bill: Gérald Darmanin under pressure

The government may argue that this is a long-standing complaint from business leaders, but the right denounces it as a wake-up call. And an additional immigration route. While public opinion is rather favorable to this article 3, the Republican tenors see this as a red line, and intend to play their part. Even if it means going to arm wrestling. And in the end not giving their votes to the text. A divide all the more umed since the right knows very well that the executive cannot have anything adopted in Parliament without its support.

Darmanin “obviously ready to discuss it”

Faced with this political puzzle, one question is heating up minds: will the government give up and withdraw this article, intended as a signal sent to the left? If the president of the Republicans, Éric Ciotti, has long considered that the Prime Minister is ready for such a concession, it is the turn of the boss of the LR senators, Bruno Retailleau, to have been, according to The Parisian , the recipient of a confidence from Élisabeth Borne, going in the direction of a withdrawal.

In interview with JDD, last Sunday, the Minister of the Interior said to himself “obviously ready to discuss it“. “No one, I know, wants to continue the hypocrisy on the regularization of workers», mocked the first cop in France. And to add: “The government is committed to measures of justice towards those who produce in our country without ever posing a problem of public order.» If the right, with a majority in the Senate, will have a free hand to amend the text as it wishes in a few days, the game will be less easy in December when discussions begin in a white-hot National embly.



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